The representative organisation of the Slovak and Czech minorities in Romania is the Democratic Union of Slovaks and Czechs of Romania (UDSCR). It was established on 9 January 1990 in in Nădlac and registered at Arad court. The organisation’s activity unfolds, from one side a collaboration with other minorities from Romania, with the majority population of the country, but also a collaboration with the Slovaks and Czechs from diaspora, from the neighbouring countries (particularly with Croatia, Serbia and Hungary) and also with the origin countries, Slovak and Czech Republic. In order to carry out an efficient activity, the UDSCR is structured as an organisation with four regional affiliates and 60 local organisations included in these affiliates since 1998. The unions objectives according to the Statutes are: to express, preserve and develop the ethnic, cultural, linguistic and religious identity of Slovaks and Czechs in Romania; to represent the Slovak and Czech national minorities, to protect their national identity, their fundamental democratic interests, rights and fundamental freedoms, to respect their citizens’ obligations according to the legislation and the Constitution of Romania; to assert, preserve and transmit cultural, historical, secular and church traditions; to maintain specific ties between members of the Slovak and Czech communities with their country of origin; to promote a climate of interethnic collaboration and tolerance; to support Slovak and Czech communities in Romania, and social, humanitarian actions in the spirit of eliminating possible discrimination. The Democratic Union of Slovaks and Czechs of Romania is a member of FUEN since 2019.
Around 17,000 Slovaks and 2,500 Czechs live in Romania. The historical and cultural centre for the Slovaks is in the city Nădlac and for the Czechs in Moldova Nouă. Both ethnic groups are recognised and represented in local and central committees. They have legal protection and these laws are respected. For example, two schools with Slovak as the language of instruction are also financially supported by the state.